The Importance of Lasting Powers of Attorney in Estate Planning

The Importance of Lasting Powers of Attorney in Estate Planning

The uncertainties of life make it crucial to plan not only for the distribution of assets after we pass away, but also for situations where we may become incapable of managing our affairs. This is where Lasting Powers of Attorney (LPA) come into play. LPAs allow us to designate trusted individuals to make important decisions on our behalf in the event of mental or physical incapacity. Incorporating LPAs into your estate planning ensures that your financial and healthcare decisions can be managed according to your preferences, even if you are no longer able to make them yourself.

There are two types of Lasting Powers of Attorney: Property and Financial Affairs LPA and Health and Welfare LPA. The former empowers your chosen attorney(s) to manage your finances and property, while the latter allows them to make decisions about your healthcare, medical treatment, and living arrangements. It is crucial to establish both types of LPA to provide comprehensive protection for your welfare and estate.

In this article, we will explore the significance of Lasting Powers of Attorney in estate planning, examine the differences between the two main types of LPA, and discuss the process of setting them up. By understanding the role of LPAs and their importance in safeguarding your future, you can make an informed decision when incorporating them into your comprehensive estate plan. Let our knowledgeable team provide guidance and support through each step of the process to ensure you and your loved ones are adequately protected during life’s challenging moments.

The Crucial Role of Lasting Powers of Attorney in Comprehensive Estate Planning

Highlighting the importance of Lasting Powers of Attorney (LPA) in a well-rounded estate planning strategy is essential, as these legal tools help protect your interests in times of mental or physical incapacity. Understanding the types of LPAs available, their benefits, and the process of setting them up is vital to ensure both your financial security and healthcare wishes are respected.

1. The Two Main Types of Lasting Powers of Attorney

An LPA is a legal document that enables you to appoint trusted individuals to act on your behalf if you become unable to make decisions for yourself. There are two main types of LPA, each covering distinct areas of decision-making:

– Property and Financial Affairs LPA: This type of LPA grants your appointed attorney(s) the authority to make decisions concerning your financial matters. These decisions may involve managing your bank accounts, paying bills, selling property, and making investments. You can choose to give your attorney(s) the power to act on your behalf at any time or only when you lose mental capacity.

– Health and Welfare LPA: This LPA covers decisions related to your medical care, daily routine, residence, and end-of-life treatment. Unlike the Property and Financial Affairs LPA, a Health and Welfare LPA can only be used once you are deemed incapable of making decisions for yourself.

2. The Benefits of Including LPAs in Your Estate Plan

Incorporating LPAs in your estate planning strategy offers numerous advantages, including:

– Control: Creating an LPA allows you to decide who will manage your affairs and make decisions on your behalf in the event of incapacity. By selecting your attorney(s) in advance, you ensure that someone you trust will be responsible for making crucial decisions according to your preferences.

– Protection from financial abuse: An LPA ensures your finances are managed by a trusted person(s) in accordance with the restrictions and guidance you provide. This significantly reduces the risk of financial abuse by unscrupulous individuals.

– Avoiding the lengthy court process: If you become incapacitated without an LPA, your loved ones may need to apply for a deputyship order from the Court of Protection. This process is time-consuming, expensive, and stressful. Having an LPA in place eliminates the necessity for court intervention, making it easier for your attorney(s) to carry out their duties.

– Reducing confusion and family disputes: An LPA clarifies your wishes concerning medical care and financial management, reducing the chance of disagreements or disputes among family members during a difficult time.

3. The Process of Setting up Lasting Powers of Attorney

Creating and registering an LPA involves a series of steps:

– Choose your attorney(s): Select one or more trusted individuals who are willing and able to act on your behalf. Consider their competence, reliability, and understanding of your wishes.

– Consult with a professional: Setting up an LPA can be a complex process, so seeking professional advice is recommended to ensure all legal requirements are met, and your document is accurate and valid.

– Complete the LPA forms: Fill out the necessary LPA forms, providing detailed information about your chosen attorney(s), the powers you are granting, and any restrictions or guidelines you want to include.

– Sign and witness the documents: Both you and your attorney(s) must sign the LPA forms in the presence of a witness. Each person’s signature must be witnessed separately.

– Register the LPA with the Office of the Public Guardian (OPG): Once the LPA forms are complete and signed, they must be registered with the OPG before they can be used. The registration process can take several weeks and requires payment of a fee.

4. Regularly Review and Update Your LPAs

As life circumstances and relationships change, it is essential to review and update your LPAs periodically. You may need to:

– Revoke the existing LPA and create a new one if your chosen attorney is no longer able to act on your behalf.

– Update your LPA to reflect new preferences or wishes concerning your healthcare or finances.

– Appoint additional attorneys to better manage your affairs or share the responsibility among multiple trusted individuals.


The role of Lasting Powers of Attorney in estate planning is invaluable, as it ensures your financial affairs and healthcare decisions are managed by trusted individuals if you become incapable of doing so yourself. Understanding the various types of LPAs, their benefits, and the process involved in setting them up is crucial to protecting your interests and securing your welfare during life’s unpredictable moments. 

Allow our expert team at Sovereign Planning to guide you through each step of creating and registering your Lasting Powers of Attorney, providing peace of mind for both you and your loved ones. Get in touch with us today to begin the process of securing your future.

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